28th Amendment

"Corporations are not people. They have none of the Constitutional rights of human beings. Corporations are not allowed to give money to any politician, directly or indirectly. No politician can raise over $100 from any person or entity.  All elections must be publicly financed."

*Note: The finished legislation will be worded differently and have to account for inflation, etc.  This is simply to point the legislators in the right direction and make sure the final amendment accomplishes the goals we have outlined here.   

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commented 2011-10-21 01:41:15 -0400 · Flag
@Lam, FYI, I’m also a lawyer.
commented 2011-10-21 01:41:13 -0400 · Flag
Wow, you guys are still at it! I have lots to catch up on. Luckily I am far from worried because y’all were on top of it earlier. :) I did send a message and tweet asking Aaron Wysocki to revise the statement above to say pending and add a synopsis. I have not gotten a response.
commented 2011-10-21 01:40:34 -0400 · Flag
Sec 1. No person, corporation, business entity, or entity of any type, domestic or foreign, hereafter referred to as ‘entity,’ other than a United States citizen, shall be allowed to contribute money, directly or indirectly, or offer any form of gift or compensation to any individual hereafter referred to as, ‘candidate’, ‘appointee’ or ‘elected official’ for state or national public office; or to contribute money on behalf of or opposed to any type to said candidates, appointees and elected officials.
commented 2011-10-21 01:39:43 -0400 · Flag
@Christopher:

It’s not an outdated version, I don’t feel we’ve gotten enough approval from people to add those extra sections and lines yet so i haven’t added them to my draft.
commented 2011-10-21 01:39:30 -0400 · Flag
Sec 3. No appointee, or candidate for, or holder of, any local or state office are shall accept any gift, donation or contribution from any other candidate or individual not a resident of the state in which they are running for office.

Should become:

Sec 3. No nominated appointee, candidate, or holder of, any local or State office shall accept any gift, donation or contribution from any entity other than persons residing in that State.
commented 2011-10-21 01:38:20 -0400 · Flag
Amendment 28

“Corporations are not people. They have none of the Constitutional rights of human beings. Corporations are not allowed to give money to any politician, directly or indirectly. No politician can raise over $100 from any person or entity. All elections must be publicly financed.”

Addendum:

Sec 1. No corporation or business entity of any type, domestic or foreign, hereafter referred to as ʻentityʼ; shall be allowed to contribute money, directly or indirectly, or offer any form of gift or compensation to any individual hereafter referred to as, ‘candidate’, ‘appointee’ or ‘elected official’ for state or national public office; or to contribute money on behalf of or opposed to any type to said candidates, appointees and elected officials.

Corporations and other entities created by operation of law are not persons and have all and only those rights created by law. The rights of organizations that exist within partnerships or an extension of natural persons, provided they are comprised of natural persons shall not be abolished but subject to rights and obligations afforded by and specified within this article. Furthermore, any such legal affirmation of corporate personhood is hereby revoked immediately upon ratification of this amendment.

Sec 2. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, campaign contributions to candidates for office shall not constitute speech of any kind as guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution or any amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

Sec 3. No appointee, or candidate for, or holder of, any local or state office; shall accept any gift, donation or contribution from any other candidate or individual not a resident of the state in which they are running for office. Eligible voters of any State or U.S territory are afforded the rights and privileges to donate to any and all federal level campaigns.

Sec 4. No appointee to, or holder of, any office of any government body shall be permitted to receive any form of gift or compensation from any entities or citizen of the United States of America save their duly awarded salary from said government body.

Sec 5. No candidate for any elected office shall be permitted to receive more than one half of one percent of the average income of the bottom fifty percent of all citizens of the United States of America twenty-one years old or older, as reported by the enumeration detailed in Article 1, Sect. 2 of the U.S. Constitution, in contributions of any form, excluding volunteer hours, for any purpose, from any singular citizen of the United States of America during the same election cycle; and all contributions must be fully disclosed in amount and source.

Sec 6. No candidate for any elected office and the associated campaign thereof shall be permitted for any purpose to have a maximum amount of funding brought forth collectively from contributions totaling a value of more than twenty-five thousand percent of the median income of households in the United States of America, as reported by the enumeration detailed in Article 1, Sect. 2 of the U.S. Constitution, at the Municipal level of government; fifty thousand percent at the State level; and one hundred thousand percent at the Federal level during the same election cycle.

Sec 7. All campaign expenditures shall be comprised entirely of campaign donations both public and private not exceeding the specified limitations established per Article 28, Sect. 5 of the United States Constitution. Candidates as private citizens shall be afforded herewith the rights and privileges to contribute to their campaigns within the limits and restrictions of and for this amendment; and shall be permitted use of personal forms of transportation.

Sec 8. Nothing in this Article shall be construed to deny the rights or obligations of any entity to sue and be sued, or to buy, sell, own or dispose of property, to be taxed or nullify the rights to a free and open press.
commented 2011-10-21 01:36:42 -0400 · Flag
I like Tim’s amendment to sec 1.
@imants7 tweeted link to this page. 2011-10-21 01:35:55 -0400
commented 2011-10-21 01:35:09 -0400 · Flag
@Lam

please use the googledoc from now on as we are able to make changes in real time and then you can copy and paste it to the short text, the version you have is outdated.
commented 2011-10-21 01:33:43 -0400 · Flag
@Tim:

Here’s the latest version of our working draft:
http://shorttext.com/7oNzKc
commented 2011-10-21 01:32:08 -0400 · Flag
@Tim

Sec 3. No appointee, or candidate for, or holder of, any local or state office; shall accept any gift, donation or contribution from any other candidate or individual not a resident of the state in which they are running for office. Eligible voters of any State or U.S territory are afforded the rights and privileges to donate to any and all federal level campaigns.

Is that good?
commented 2011-10-21 01:30:51 -0400 · Flag
@Ryan:

It was mostly done by myself, Christopher, Jenn Studebaker, Aaron Eisenbarth (who presented the first detailed draft of the amendment above the comments) with much help from a polish guy named Jacob, Samuel here, Miles Bondurant, a practicing lawyer, and many other PAC members.

I possess the original working draft which Samuel linked to, and Christopher has created a pretty PDF version of it so we sort of moderate the suggestions and incorporate them with the advice and consent of everyone else here.
commented 2011-10-21 01:27:44 -0400 · Flag
@Samuel

Sec 1. No corporation or business entity of any type, domestic or foreign, hereafter referred to as ʻentityʼ; shall be allowed to contribute money, directly or indirectly, or offer any form of gift or compensation to any individual hereafter referred to as, ‘candidate’, ‘appointee’ or ‘elected official’ for state or national public office; or to contribute money on behalf of or opposed to any type to said candidates, appointees and elected officials.

Corporations and other entities created by operation of law are not persons and have all and only those rights created by law. The rights of organizations that exist within partnerships or an extension of natural persons, provided they are comprised of natural persons shall not be abolished but subject to rights and obligations afforded by and specified within this article. Furthermore, any such legal affirmation of corporate personhood is hereby revoked immediately upon ratification of this amendment.
commented 2011-10-21 01:26:56 -0400 · Flag
I’m still in catch-up mode, so if you’ve addressed this, forgive me. A proposed edit:

“Sec 1. No person, corporation, business entity, or entity of any type, domestic or foreign, hereafter referred to as ‘entity,’ other than a United States citizen, shall be allowed to contribute…”

This would close what would otherwise be a hole in Sec 3, by which, as stated, a non-U.S. citizen, who is not an entity as defined by Sec 1, would not be forbidden to donate to candidates, etc.

Valid point? Already discussed?
commented 2011-10-21 01:23:27 -0400 · Flag
I’m not sure who is responsible for that proposal. A couple of hours ago I proposed this alternate:

Sec 1) Corporations and other entities created by operation of law are not persons and have all and only those rights created by law. This amendment shall not apply to partnerships and other organizations that act as a mere extension of natural persons, provided they are comprised solely of natural persons.

Sec 2) The equal power of persons to use material resources to influence the outcome of elections shall be ensured.

Sec 3) Six months after ratification of this Amendment all laws not repealed, being valid and enforceable but for a finding in contradiction to this Amendment, shall be given full force of law.

Sec 4) Congress and the Several States shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article. The power of Congress and the Several States shall include the authority to regulate the quantity of material political contributions made for the purpose of influencing the outcome of Federal and State elections respectively.
commented 2011-10-21 01:21:53 -0400 · Flag
Perfect. Who is responsible for that? You folks? That’s great.
commented 2011-10-21 01:21:40 -0400 · Flag
Sec 6. No candidate for any elected office or associated campaign thereof shall be permitted for any purpose to have a maximum amount of funding brought forth collectively from contributions totaling a value of more than twenty-five thousand percent of the median income of households in the United States of America, as reported by the enumeration detailed in Article 1, Sect. 2 of the U.S. Constitution, at the Municipal level of government; fifty thousand percent at the State level; and one hundred thousand percent at the Federal level during the same election cycle.

fixed
commented 2011-10-21 01:21:29 -0400 · Flag
It’s not official or anything, but it is the most actively discussed working proposal.
commented 2011-10-21 01:21:02 -0400 · Flag
They’re referring to this draft:
http://shorttext.com/ltQZNp

Which is actively under construction.
commented 2011-10-21 01:18:08 -0400 · Flag
Yeah, I get that, but everyone is referring to “section 6” as though there is a section 6, like there is a structure and a working draft of the amendment. If there is one, that is what I’d like to know. If not, I’ll just reread the comments which is what I was trying to avoid.
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